Breaking fast at sunset time

Category: 

Fasting & I'kitaaf

According to Madhhab: 

Hanafi

Reference: 

1440-524

Question: 

A person is keeping the kaffara 60 fasts. Unintentionally he broke a fast
according to the sunset time and not the maghrib time, he was at work so no
masjid azaan and followed a timetable downloaded from Internet . my question is
should he start the 60 fasts again ? 


Answer: 

In principle, the actual time for the termination of a fast is sunset. If the person therefore broke his fast as per the sunset time as indicated on a timetable, and at the time of breaking the fast he had a dominant presumption (most likely feeling) that the sun has set, then his fast is valid even if he broke his fast before the commencement of the Maghrib Azhaan. If this is what occurred then he will not be required to recommence the sixty fast of Kaffaarah.

However, in future, as a matter of precaution, one should break one’s fast a few minutes after the actual sunset time (which is generally the time when the Maghrib Azhaan starts).

و يستحب السحور و تاخيره وتعجيل الفطر.)الدر المختار( . اى الا فى يوم غيم، ولا يفطر ما لم يغلب على ظنه غروب الشمس، و ان أذ ن المؤذن. بحر عن البزازية. وفيه عن شرح الجامع لقاضى خان: التعجيل المستحب قبل اشتباك النجوم. قال فى الفيض: ومن كان على مكان مرتفع كمنارة اسكندرية، لا يفطر ما لم تغرب الشمس عنده، ولاهل البلدة الفطر ان غربت عندهم قبله. )رد المحتار 419 / 420 - 2 )
والمراد بالغروب: زمان غيبوبة جرم الشمس بحيث تظهر الظلمة فى جهة الشرق، قال صلي الله عليه وسلم ))اذا اقبل اليل من ههنا فقد افطر الصائم(( اى اذا وجدت الظلمة حسا في جهة المشرق فقد ظهر وقت الفطر...اه . )رد المحتار 371 / 2 )

AND ALLAH TA'AALA ALONE IN HIS INFINITE KNOWLEDGE KNOWS BEST

ANSWERED BY: Mohammed Seedat 


CHECKED AND APPROVED BY: Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B. 
Islamic Date:4 ذو الحجة 1440 
English Date: 6 August 2019

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