According to Madhhab:
From the following Shiah sects which of them can be considered Kaafir, or their beliefs considered as beliefs of Kufr?
1. Ghulat sect.
2. Zaydi Shiah sect.
3. Imaami or twelver Shiah sect.
6. Musta'liyah (Bohras).
7. Nizaariyyah (Agha Khanis)
The formation of the Shia sect only commenced after the demise of Rasulullâh Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam. It developed around the personality cult of Hadhrat Ali Radhiallahu Anhu at the hands of the Jews and hypocrites, with intent of taking revenge on Islam and Muslims who had uprooted Judaism from Arabia and subjugated Jewish people everywhere in its domain. They could not openly take revenge against Islam since Islam trashed their onslaught. So, they settled in sowing poisonous seeds of disunity and discontent amongst the Muslim Ummah. Thus the mastermind behind the formation of the Shiite sect was a Jew by the name of Abdullah bin Sabaa who hailed from a very affluent Jewish family. He personally was very literate, a scholar of Jewish and Christian scriptures, firm on his beliefs and very fluent in Arabic. Due to studying the psychological patterns of people he knew the art of influencing and convincing people; thus he was very treacherous and deceitful in nature. Taking advantage of all these traits and of the political situation he outwardly professed Islam, but inwardly remained a very bigoted unbeliever. He had intended to mutilate the religion of Islam in the same way as the Jew, St. Paul had mutilated the religion of Hadhrat Isa Alaihis Salaam.
Under the disguise of “Love for Ali” he slowly began spreading concocted beliefs amongst the Muslims totally foreign to the beliefs of the Ahlus Sunnah wal jama’ah. A considerable amount of confusion was caused amongst the masses and many were deceived and trapped by emotional slogans. He would, amongst different groups, spread different types of beliefs resulting in a great amount of division being found amongst the sect founded by him. Masudi-who is said to be a Shia-mentions that the Shiite sect have reached up to 73 groups, each one accusing the other of infidelity!
The great Imaam Al-Ashari has categorised the sect into three primary groups, viz. 1-Al-Ghulat 2- Ar-Rawafidh (A-Imamiyya) 3-Az-Zaydiyyah. These groups are further sub divided, totalling a number of fifty four.
The basic foundational belief of the Ghulat sect is having belief in the divinity of Ali Radhiallahu Anhu with the so-called, “better amongst them” preferring the view of Hulool – والعياذ بالله
With regards to Imaamat the Ghulat have differed, some of whom follow the Kaysaniyyah and others the Imaamah.
Nusayriyyah is a group from amongst the Ghulat with the belief of Huloolul-Ilah into Ali Radhiallu Anhu and into those of His progeny who were Imaams.
The Rafidha/ Imami / Twelver Shia sect claim that majority of the beloved companions of Rasullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, and in specific Hazrat Abu Bakr Radhiallahu Anhu and Umar Radhiallahu Anhu turned apostate (May Allah forbid!). They also believe that the present day Quraan has been distorted and their beliefs regarding Imaamat clearly contradict Khatmun Nubuwah.
Mustailiyyah and Nizaariyyah are from the Saba’iyyah, which is also an evil group that do not hold back their tongues from accusing the blessed companions of Nabi Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam of apostasy.
Druze is a group from the Ismailiyyah. They are also guilty of beliefs such as hulool etc.
There is no doubt that the mentioned beliefs are diametrically opposed to that of the Ahlus-Sunnah-Wal-Jama'at and they render one completely out of the fold of Islam.
The original sect of the Zaydiyyah basically believe that Hadhrat Ali Radhiallahu Anhu was the rightful successor of Rasullah Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam and the first Khalifah of Islaam. He however sanctioned the Khilafah of Hadhrat Abu Bakr Radhiallahu Anhu , Umar Radhiallahu Anhu and Uthmaan Radhiallahu Anhu. His assent assured the matter to be error-free.
Based on the mentioned opinion they would not be regarded out of the fold of Islaam, however many of the Zadiyyah later adopted beliefs from other Shia groups and Mu’tazilas. Hence, if any such belief was adopted that renders one out of the fold of Islaam, they would no longer be regarded as Muslims.
As a general concept one should understand that any person holding such a belief or doing such an action-the details of which are mentioned in the books of Aqaaid- that renders him out of the fold of Islaam will not be regarded as a Muslim.
Ulama do not ‘make’ anyone Kafir, nor can they enter anyone into Jahannam, rather –as is their responsibility- they make apparent the condition of those who lack the essentials of Islaam.
The term ‘Shia’ initially referred to anyone who stood in favour of, or did not fight against Ali Radhiallahu Anhu. It later become the title of the deviated sect, but would include anyone who merely gave preference to Ali Radhiallahu Anhu over Uthmaan Radhiallahu Anhu, even though they rejected all the concocted beliefs of Shiasm. It is for this reason that at times a Rawi (narrator) of a Hadeeth, for example, who is from the Ahlus Sunah is mentioned and his affiliation is made to Shiasm. This should not cause any doubt regarding his beliefs as this would simply mean that he would give preference to Ali Radhiallahu Anhu over Uthmaan Radhiallahu Anhu.
Those Ulama who consider all Shais as Kafir, do not regard certain groups to be amongst the Shia sect, as they lack some of the beliefs which are regarded as fundamentals for Shiasm. However, one should be aware that the Shias of this time and era are generally those who ascribe to the Ithna-Ashariyya (twelver) sect. Many of their beliefs are such that render them out of the pale of Islam and therefore they cannot be regarded as Muslims. Allamah Shaami Rahimahullah writes in “Raddul-Muhtaar”:-
“There is no doubt in the Kufr of those who accuse Hadhrat Ayesha Radhiallahu Anha of Zina, or deny the Sahabiyyat of Hadhrat Abu Bakr Radhiallahu Anhu or regard Hadhrat Ali Radhiallahu Anhu as god or claim that Hadhrat Jibra'il Alaihis Salaam had erred in bringing Wahi or those who hold other similar Kufriyya beliefs.” [Shaami Vol. 3, Pg. 46].
AND ALLAH TAÁALA ALONE IN HIS INFINITE KNOWLEDGE KNOWS BEST
ANSWERED BY: Abdullah Bin Riyaadh
CHECKED AND APPROVED BY: Mufti Muhammed Saeed Motara Saheb D.B.
Islamic Date: 7 Muharram 1440
English Date: 17 September 2018